University Hassan II Mohammedia
Faculty of letters Department of English English studies
Writing Paragraphs Kesbi
A complete sentence must have a
subject part and a predicate part.
However, some complete sentences give only a little information.
Read these sentences.
A new planet appeared.
Adjective, adverbs and prepositional phrases can make sentences more
descriptive and specific.
1. Exercise A
sentence. Add an adjective, adverb or a
prepositional phrase in the places shown in the parentheses.
told me about his (adjective) dog, Max.
Max is a
(adverb) smart dog.
carry things (phrase).
Add adjectives, adverbs and
prepositional phrases to the sentences below.
3. Exercise C
descriptive sentences about three animals.
Use adjective, adverbs and prepositional phrases.
II a Combining
subjects and predicates
Sentences with the same
predicate or with the same subject can often be combined into one sentence.
Use the common predicate or
subject to combine the sets of sentences.
to fish. His sister likes to fish.
2. Flora caught two fish. Flora
cleaned two fish.
mother enjoys fishing. Their father
squeezed lemons. Flora made
II b Combining with adjectives, adverbs and
Exercise Combine each group of
sentences into one sentence.
It was a
cool day. It was a windy day. It was a cloudy day.
was deserted. The beach was sandy. The beach was large.
The man jogged. The man jogged slowly. The man jogged near the shore.
The runner threw a
stick. The stick was wooden. The stick was for the dog.
II.c Combining sentences
sentences with related ideas can be combined into a compound sentence.
Use the conjunction in parentheses and a
comma to combine each pair of related sentences.
Was there one writer named
Mark Twain? Did two writers share that
The author of Huckleberry Finn called himself Mark
Twain. There was apparently another
writer of the same name. (but)
Mark Twain was the “pen
name” of Samuel Clemens. It was also the
name used by another writer. (but)
sentences in other ways
sometimes combine two sentences by changing one of the sentences into an
appositive or into a prepositional phrase.
Exercise A Combine each set of
sentences by making one of the sentences into an appositive. Be sure to use commas to set off the
Example: Jacqueline flew many types of planes. She was a famous pilot.
Jacqueline, a famous pilot,
flew many types of planes.
Jacqueline set many
records. She was an expert pilot.
Jacqueline grew up in a
foster home. She was an orphan.
She flew a fighter plane in
1936. It was the Starfighter.
Exercise B Use a prepositional
phrase to combine the sentences.
Example: Amelia was born in Kansas. She was born in 1898.
Amelia was born in
Kansas in 1898.
flew aeroplanes. She flew with great
2. She flew by herself. She flew
across the Atlantic Ocean.
3. Amelia wrote a book. It was
about her flights.